The configuration detailed in this article applies to standard Cisco routers from which you would like to export flow data. This shows what entries are required for a basic NetFlow v5 device config.
BGP route dampening can be used to reduce the propagation of unstable routes throughout a network. When a prefix flaps it will be assigned a penalty of 1000 and moved into the dampening state “history”. Each flap incurs another penalty (of 1000), which is applied cumulatively. If the penalty reaches the suppress-limit, the route is dampened, meaning it won’t be advertised to any neighbors. The default values for each dampening criteria are stated below:
In most of Leaf-Spine deployments, redundancy in Spine layer is required to achieve high availability and to prevent network service disruption. Modern layer 2 networks adopted loop-free and balanced path networks using Multi Chassis Link Aggregation topologies with LACP port channels, leaving loop control methods (STP) as second protection layer. Spines also supports layer 3 networks, using ECMP in a scalable network topology. For unicast redundancy in layer 3, a common method is use First Hop Router Redundancy (FHRR) to provide a simple and unique gateway for Leaf level. VRRP and HRSP are popular FHRR protocols and supported in most equipments today. Although HSRP and VRRP provide redundancy, they are active-standby FHRR protocols and do not provide a balanced data traffic distribution over Multi Chassis Link Aggregated topologies. The following figure show show data traffic is handled using active-standby FHRR protocol topology.
If you take a look at the description of a SFP transceiver module, you will see the “DOM support” appeared in the product details. What does it mean? In fact, DOM or Digital Optical Monitoring as the words implies, is used for monitoring some parameters of the transceiver, which can help to identify the location of the fiber link failure, simplify maintenance, improve system reliability. Obviously a SFP with DOM function is high-ender than one without it. This is why most of modern optical SFP transceivers support DOM functions. To have a further understanding of DOM, some detailed information will be introduced in the following passage. Continue reading